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Population in Laos


The population of Laos in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations at 5,924,000, which placed it at number 102 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 4% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 40% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 100 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population rate of change for 2005-10 was expected to be 2.3%, a rate the government viewed as too high. the projected population for the year 2025 was 8,712,000. The population density was 25 per km² (65 per mi²), but the population is unevenly spread, with the greatest concentration in the Mekong Valley.

More than 70% of the population is rural, living in some 9,000 villages. The UN estimated that 19% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005, and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 4.50%. The capital city, Vientiane (Viangchan), had a population of 716,000 in that year. Other large towns, all on or near the Mekong and its tributaries, are Savannakhét, Pakxé, Luangphrabang (the former royal capital), Muang Xaignabouri and Ban Houayxay.


6,586,266 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 36.1% (male 1,198,980/ female 1,180,800)
15-64 years: 60.1% (male 1,958,534/ female 2,002,927)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 110,451/ female 134,574) (2012 est.)

Median age:
total: 21.4 years
male: 21.1 years
female: 21.6 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.655% (2012 est.)

Birth rate:
25.68 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate:
7.99 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate:
-1.14 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

urban population: 33% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanisation: 4.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
470 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 57.77 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 63.68 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 51.62 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 62.77 years
male: 60.85 years
female: 64.76 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate:
3.06 children born/woman (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.2% (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
8,500 (2009 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
fewer than 200 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or water-borne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhoea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vector-borne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
1.2% (2000)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
31.6% (2006)

Health expenditures:
6.5% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density:
0.272 physicians/1,000 population (2005)

Hospital bed density:
1.2 beds/1,000 population (2005)

noun: Lao(s) or Laotian(s)
adjective: Lao or Laotian

Ethnic groups:
Lao 55%, Khmou 11%, Hmong 8%, other (over 100 minor ethnic groups) 26% (2005 census)

Buddhist 67%, Christian 1.5%, other and unspecified 31.5% (2005 census)

Lao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73%
male: 83%
female: 63% (2005 Census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 9 years (2008)

Education expenditures:
2.3% of GDP (2008)





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